The “Russia” theme park is a newly planned park of 1600 ha. It will be an educational and recreational amusements park where visitors can stay one day until two weeks. All regions in Russia will be involved in the plans for the park. The location lies at about 75 kilometers from the centre of Moscow. The program of the park includes: entertainment, amusement theme parks, sport facilities, education, expositions, health care, commercial functions and various themed public spaces and landscapes.
For the second phase of the competition, five international teams were selected from the 180 applications (representing 41 countries).
Our Dutch team's proposal ‘Park Russia’ was appreciated because of its contextual approach and the way the various functions, built program and infrastructure were integrated into a green park-like landscape.
The main source of inspiration for our proposal was Russia itself: the Russian culture with its cities and buildings, as well as Russia's heroes in art, sport, literature, astronautics and warfare. The spectacular and diverse nature of Russia was also a great inspiration.
The location of the park, with its 30m high hill, existing forests and the water structure acted as the basis for the design and layout of the park. All of the required program elements and units are located in relation to these natural conditions. The existing forests are preserved and new forests are created in order to form a green network structure, which becomes more natural towards the outskirts of the park and more urbanized near the central park. The existing water is integrated into the design and a new water system is introduced in and around the central park.
The park has been divided into six functional units (the commercial-, entertainment-, nature- and sports unit, and a unit for future development) from which all the elements of the park radiate. Each unit has a central plaza, and the public open park in the middle of the site connects them all.
Every unit has a theme and the buildings of the units respond to these themes. This gives every unit a characteristic atmosphere. Every built unit is different, but there are a number of things in common: there is a green space and recreational route on top of the buildings, and every set of buildings has a large glass dome. The buildings interact with the squares and the central park by embracing and overlapping one another.
The Russia Globe building is the iconic centre of Park Russia. Not only will this iconic building be the main entrance, but inside will be the place where visitors can discover the real Russia. The Russia Globe will also serve as the main transportation hub for the park: visitors can travel by train directly from Moscow and Domodedovo International Airport. The monorail system offers a comfortable ride from the Globe to the various units and parking lots in Park Russia.
Sustainability is one of the cornerstones in the conceptual design of Park Russia, being applied not only within the buildings and the water- and energy supplies, but also in the waste management system by conversion into energy and products. Transportation in the park consists of a monorail system as well as the use of electric cars along snow free routes throughout the central park and bicycles and boats.
In addition to HOSPER, Niek Roozen bv, Cepezed and Witteveen+Bos, the team was supported by the expertise of M.H.A. Hoffman from Wageningen University, John Meuffels MPC, Svetlana van Son from Boomkwekerij Gebr. Van den Berk B.V. and Jacqueline van der Kloet.